An alcoholic drink is a drink that contains a substantial amount of ethanol (informally called alcohol), a depressant which in low doses causes euphoria, reduce anxiety, sociability and in higher doses causes intoxication (drunkenness), stupor and unconsciousness.
Alcohol increases the likelihood of conflict that can lead to fights, violence and injuries at workplaces. However, heavy drinking that may result to hangover often affect concentration and fatigue which in turn reduce performance.
Oil depot environments are saturated with fumes of white petroleum product: gasoline, kerosene, diesel etc, which are highly inflammable. A good high standard of safety should always be practice. Unconsciousness involves a complete or near complete lack of responsiveness to people and other environmental stimuli, a state encourage by alcohol but very unacceptable in oil terminal.
Gantry Attendants (GA), whom on daily basis controls truck loading apparatus in terminals (depots) should be saddled with exercising high safety standard during truck loading operations. However, developing a safe terminal aimed at preventing and managing alcohol related harm and issues in depots is a process that is best served by employers and management commitment and the involvement, support and cooperation of all employees including managers, supervisors, and safety and health representatives.
Therefore, alcohol testing, Gantry Attendant access to support treatment and counselling service, health promotion fitness for work, alcohol policy are vital in oil depots.
Workplace management has over time contributed to causes of alcohol consumption by workers. Factors including working conditions can increase the risk of individual alcohol use and influence individual drinking pattern. Interpersonal factors including workplace relationship, bullying and harassment, poor working conditions, inadequate supervision, inadequate job training, organizational change e.g. restructure, job transfer or redundancy.
Although Alcohol in oil terminal is an abysmal, further below are effects on the body
Alcohol interferes with the brain’s communication pathways, and can affect the way the brain looks and works. These disruptions can change mood and behavior, and make it harder to think clearly and move with coordination.
Drinking a lot over a long time or too much on a single occasion can damage the heart, causing problems including:
- Cardiomyopathy – Stretching and drooping of heart muscle
- Arrhythmias – Irregular heart beat
- High blood pressure
Heavy drinking takes a toll on the liver, and can lead to a variety of problems and liver inflammations including:
- Steatosis, or fatty liver
- Alcoholic hepatitis
Alcohol causes the pancreas to produce toxic substances that can eventually lead to pancreatitis, a dangerous inflammation and swelling of the blood vessels in the pancreas that prevents proper digestion.
Drinking too much alcohol can increase your risk of developing certain cancers, including cancers of the:
Drinking too much can weaken your immune system, making your body a much easier target for disease. Chronic drinkers are more liable to contract diseases like pneumonia and tuberculosis than people who do not drink too much. Drinking a lot on a single occasion slows your body’s ability to ward off infections – even up to 24 hours after getting drunk.
Tanker drivers are not left out. A driver under the influence can unconsciously miscalculate his driving ability in parking the tanker under the loading island and this could result in accident, damaging the Island or structures within the island, fire and possible death of a victim.
Therefore, a tanker driver into an oil terminal should be subjected to alcohol test before proceeding to the loading Islands. Supervisors should follow up by monitoring any sign of “unconsciousness from drivers and Gantry Attendants” The most effective way to deal with the problem is to make the victim aware that his or her job is on the line and that he or she must get help or improve performance or conduct or face serious consequences including the possibility of losing his or her job.
Downstreamview:Henry C. Onuigbo